The leading authority
on casualties of the war, Thomas L. Livermore, admitting the handicap of poor records in
some cases, studied 48 of the war's battles and concluded:
Of every 1,000 Federals in battle, 112 were wounded.
Of every 1,000 Confederates, 150 were hit.
Mortality was greater among Confederate wounded, because of inferior medical service. The great battles, in terms of their toll in dead, wounded, and missing is listed on this site:
Other research findings have pointed how out of control the opioid epidemic is. A report this summer by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, which looked at Government data, shows the number of opioid-related inpatient stays at hospitals spiked by 64 percent between 2005 and 2014 . Hospitalizations associated with opioid painkillers and heroin jumped by 75 percent among women during that timeframe, more than men, which increased at 55 percent. Overall, the . spends $55 billion a year in health and social costs related to prescription opioid abuse, according to the CDC.