Which of the endocrine glands secrete steroid hormones

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Other common diseases that result from endocrine dysfunction include Addison’s disease , Cushing’s disease and Grave’s disease . Cushing's disease and Addison's disease are pathologies involving the dysfunction of the adrenal gland. Dysfunction in the adrenal gland could be due to primary or secondary factors and can result in hypercortisolism or hypocortisolism . Cushing’s disease is characterized by the hypersecretion of the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) due to a pituitary adenoma that ultimately causes endogenous hypercortisolism by stimulating the adrenal glands. [10] Some clinical signs of Cushing’s disease include obesity, moon face, and hirsutism. [11] Addison's disease is an endocrine disease that results from hypocortisolism caused by adrenal gland insufficiency. Adrenal insufficiency is significant because it is correlated with decreased ability to maintain blood pressure and blood sugar, a defect that can prove to be fatal. [12]

There are studies of cell cultures, laboratory animals, wildlife, and accidentally exposed humans that show that environmental chemicals cause a wide range of reproductive, developmental, growth, and behavior effects, and so while "endocrine disruption in humans by pollutant chemicals remains largely undemonstrated, the underlying science is sound and the potential for such effects is real." [37] While compounds that produce estrogenic, androgenic, antiandrogenic, and antithyroid actions have been studied, less is known about interactions with other hormones.

Your thymus is located just behind your breastbone and secretes thymosins, which help to regulate immune function.

Other Endocrine Tissues

There are other tissues in the body that release hormones, although this is not their primary responsibility in your body.

Adipose (fat)

Adipose tissue is known to produce many different hormones that circulate throughout your body to help maintain homeostasis.  For example, leptin is a hormone that is released from fat tissue after you eat a meal.  It is responsible for telling the brain when you are full.

Kidneys

Your kidneys release erythropoietin, a hormone that tells your body to make more red blood cells. The kidneys also secrete an enzyme called renin, which stimulates the production of a hormone called angiotensin II. This hormone contracts the muscles of your arteries causing blood pressure to increase, and it stimulates the release of another hormone called aldosterone from the adrenal gland (mentioned above).

Heart

Your heart releases a hormone called natriuretic peptide. Breaking down the name, you can see how this hormone causes the body to get rid of sodium (“natri-”) in the urine (“-uretic”). Because water follows salt, when levels of this hormone increase your body responds by getting rid of excess water and your blood pressure decreases.

Which of the endocrine glands secrete steroid hormones

which of the endocrine glands secrete steroid hormones

Your thymus is located just behind your breastbone and secretes thymosins, which help to regulate immune function.

Other Endocrine Tissues

There are other tissues in the body that release hormones, although this is not their primary responsibility in your body.

Adipose (fat)

Adipose tissue is known to produce many different hormones that circulate throughout your body to help maintain homeostasis.  For example, leptin is a hormone that is released from fat tissue after you eat a meal.  It is responsible for telling the brain when you are full.

Kidneys

Your kidneys release erythropoietin, a hormone that tells your body to make more red blood cells. The kidneys also secrete an enzyme called renin, which stimulates the production of a hormone called angiotensin II. This hormone contracts the muscles of your arteries causing blood pressure to increase, and it stimulates the release of another hormone called aldosterone from the adrenal gland (mentioned above).

Heart

Your heart releases a hormone called natriuretic peptide. Breaking down the name, you can see how this hormone causes the body to get rid of sodium (“natri-”) in the urine (“-uretic”). Because water follows salt, when levels of this hormone increase your body responds by getting rid of excess water and your blood pressure decreases.

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